Artemis was the goddess of the hunt and animals. She was also
the goddess of chastity and the protectress of maidens. She
was also associated with the moon even though Selene was actually
the true goddess of the moon. Artemis was also a goddess of
childbirth; she had helped her mother deliver her twin brother
on the island of Delos when Ileitheyia, the main goddess of
childbirth, wasnt able to help her.
She was the daughter of Zeus and Leto. Her twin brother was
Apollo and despite that they were as different as day and
night, they were very close. And they were both very protective
of their mother. When Leto was put down by Niobe because Leto
only had one son and one daughter while Niobe had seven of
each, Artemis killed all of Niobes daughters and Apollo
killed all her sons.
Artemis had a quiver full of silver arrows that brought to
anyone a swift death. She roamed the forest with a group of
nymphs that attended her.. Many of the nymphs tried to remain
virgins as their leader, but they were often unsuccessful
in their attempts. Whenever one of Artemiss nymphs did
not remain chaste, she was very cruel to them even if it was
because of rape.
Orion, a son of Poseidon, was the only man that Artemis ever
truly favored. He was a great hunter like her, but still gave
her the proper respect. Apollo grew jealous of Artemiss
affection to Orion and some stories say that sent a scorpion
that stung Orion in the heel. Others tell that Apollo bet
that Artemis could not shoot a speck in the distance and when
she did, she learned that the speck was actually Orion. Whatever
the cause, Orion died and Artemis eventually forgave her brother.
Apollo then helped her hang up Orions image in the sky
as a constellation for all to see.
Her Roman names were Diana and Cynthia.